4 Causes of Bleeding Gums

Woman covering bleeding gums at Portage MI family dentist

4 Causes of Bleeding Gums

Woman covering bleeding gums at Portage MI family dentist

On any given day, your gums should appear pink and firm. If they instead look red, swollen, and bleed when you brush or floss, it could mean your mouth is trying to tell you something. Fortunately, our Portage dentist can take a look at your gums and find the root cause of the problem.

Here are 4 reasons why your gums may be bleeding and what you should do next.

Bleeding Gums Can Be Caused By:

1. Gingivitis or Periodontitis

It’s common to experience bleeding gums when the earliest stage of gum disease, gingivitis, has begun to set in. That’s because of the harmful plaque that’s built up above and below the gum line. When plaque isn’t cleared away, bacteria grows and attacks the gum tissue, increasing its sensitivity.

Luckily, gingivitis is reversible with regular toothbrushing, flossing, and teeth cleanings every 6 months. Periodontitis, on the other hand, is long-term, irreversible, and what gingivitis can turn into if left untreated.

In addition to cleanings, our dentist can alleviate your bleeding gums and advanced periodontal disease with procedures like scaling and root planing. Gum disease treatments of this nature are designed to deep clean and manage the chronic condition.

2. Improper Brushing Technique

When brushing your teeth, try not to brush too hard or fast. Setting out to clean teeth in record time will not accomplish what you think it will. Instead, you’ll be at risk for gum recession and bleeding.

Pro-tip: Slow down, take your time, and use a soft-bristled toothbrush.

Don’t forget to also brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss them daily. It’s not critical that you brush after every meal or snack. What is beneficial is cleaning your teeth when you get up in the morning and before you go to bed. That way you’re clearing off plaque that’s accumulated as you sleep as well as throughout the day.

3. Ill-Fitting Dentures

Traditional dentures have a tendency to slip or shift occasionally which while annoying, isn’t abnormal. However, when your dentures don’t fit well at all, you may notice some unwanted gum irritation and bleeding.

Oftentimes, bleeding gums occur when dentures are fitted too tightly. If you’re tired of dealing with dentures and fit problems, ask our dentist about the possibility of dental implants. These titanium posts are designed to act as artificial tooth roots that, with a crown on top, look and function like real teeth.

4. Hormonal Changes or Other Medical Condition

For some women, pregnancy can mean that gums become swollen and bleed. This is due to changes in hormones that affect how the body responds to the bacteria that causes gum disease. Try taking extra care of your teeth during this time with a fluoride toothpaste and floss.

Other health conditions like blood clotting disorders or leukemia can also translate into bleeding gums. The best thing you can do if you have one of these conditions is to maintain a strict oral hygiene routine, receive professional cleanings, and converse with your doctor.

Make the Choice to Treat Your Gums Right

Our dentist in Portage, MI, knows how annoying bleeding gums are and can help with oral exams, teeth cleanings, and gum disease treatments. Call Courtside Dental today at (269) 327-1011 to request an appointment.